UPDATE: I have created a video of how to make a HEPA mask, not from just cloth but from EASILY OBTAINABLE, QUALITY HEPA FILTERS
Watch my video: How to Make HEPA Facemask Without Getting Gouged. (also just below)
Links for the HEPA material:
HEPA vacuum cleaner bag (each bag should yield at least 2-3 masks)
How to make a mask by Vox.
Note: best to buy from 3rd party “Amazon sellers” not shipped by Amazon. Amazon is restricting many items that they ship and they say there could be a long delay. This is NOT TRUE for 3rd party “sellers”. They do not rely on Amazon to ship for them.
New: Kill bacteria and viruses by burning sage leaves.
Here is the sage that I bought. Good to burn in the car when out picking up food etc.
Read about burning sage: “Sage is an herb that is antimicrobial, and therefore, has the potential to improve our air quality tremendously. Such a reduction in bacteria in the air can aid against getting ill. Its antimicrobial properties work against viruses, bacteria, and fungi.”
News: Amazon has banned the sale of N95 masks.
- The mask by Honeywell. You need Honeywell, not 3M filters.
- Here are the Honeywell filters, but if you are not around lots of dust, the filters will last for months of use.
- Here is the only 3M I see right now: the 65021HA1 Household Respirator. If it does not come up, please enter 65021HA1 in the search window of this page
- The 3M filter still available is here
Key point: as the masks disappear, simply buy a painter’s respirator with cartridge filters. You get the same, actually better, protection and very long-lasting. Also, air cannot get around the edges like a paper mask. So: better. See the updated list of full-face respirators and filters here.
Filters without the retaining clip that holds the P95 paper over it will be just as effective and these will last for weeks of wear if you are not around lots of dust (which clogs the outer layers):
- These are all great protection from viruses and are in stock as of today:
- A good half-mask comes with filters and clip to change the outer filter (here)
- To use the outer HEPA or N95 or P95 layer, you must have retaining clip and one of the cartridges)
- Great filters for your 3M mask and more here
- Gas and all particles here
- This is a Hepa filter in a cartridge form (not for organics like bleach) Note: HEPA = “P100” = 100% or mold and dust particles.
- A mask without filters by Honeywell. You need Honeywell, not 3M filters. Here is a replacement Honeywell filter.
Retaining clips are getting hard to find. If you want to use my system of the outer N95 or P95 over the cartridge and you need a retaining clip, just get this mask. It has the clip and everything you need. You can also go directly to 3M. Here is one on ebay. Here are a number of retaining clips for the family.
If you cannot find a retaining clip, use tape. It does work, but you lose some surface area: not a deal-breaker.
The filter we are supposed to wear is “N95” or P95, which is the same but also traps oils in the air. HEPA or P100 is even better. These can be found in masks and respirator filters on this page. Sadly, many online sellers are out or are PRICE GOUGING, so I’ll be updating the products here.
For painters and protection from chemicals, there are many, many types of respirators for painting, we present some clarity: we’ll order a la carte.
- the 3M mask that painters like me wear: this straps around your head is the respirator mask itself (this comes without filters) and
- a set of outer paper filters and a set of retaining clips to hold on the outer paper filters: these clip to some, not all, chemical cartridges (like this)
- Full face mask: This is the best-selling a full face mask: protect eyes and lungs (singles may be sold out so buy multiples and share with neighbors). Read the full post on full-face respirators.
- For particulates only which include most viruses and MOLD, get the absolute best filter for this. These attach to the 3M mask above.
- The EPA tells us here tells us to wear the “N95 mask”, the HEPA filter (P100), or the P95. “P” means that it also traps oils in the air, which the N95 does not. See the EPA’s chart here.
- Both P95 and N95 filter out at least 95% of very small (0.3 micron) particles which include all viruses and bacteria.
- For particulates only which include most viruses and MOLD, get the filter just for that. If unsure about the right filter for your toxin exposure, check the 3M chart linked here (pdf). If exposure levels are not known, a fresh air system is recommended.
Update March 2020: Sadly, there are some sellers gouging us on the shipping of N95 masks that filter the Coronavirus. The filters I recommend on this page do filter this virus (P95, and P100) and so far 3M has not changed any fees or prices. Also, the paper masks with the string seem to allow air in at the edges which the 3M respirator does not. Read about the sizes further down the page.
The cost? Happy surprise. So reasonable. The filters last and last if you care for them (see tip just below).
• A very important tip: keep the opened filters in an air-tight container (as for food) because they absorb toxins 24/7 which will shorten even the best respirator lifespan. I use 2-3 layers of baggies for an air seal, plus a backpack for toughness. See the video at the bottom.
Having the best chemical filters on your respirator mask: This is a matter of life and death!
The respirator for painting and other toxic tasks that is shown below is widely considered to be the best respirator mask.
About the mask: Us painters mostly use the 3M Half-Face paint respirator mask, still available at last check (sizes and more below). It is a workhorse that we consider the best respirator for painting. It’s comfy and stays tight. In 10 years you’ll replace the straps. But the mask lives on. Price? Shockingly low.
About the types of filters: We like to stick with a variable filter system covering all our needs: painting, sanding, spray cans, etc. It is hands down the best respirator for spray painting with airless sprayers (read about sprayers). We always add the paper filter over it (see the kit linked above and combinations explained below).
• The outer paper filter traps latex particles that extend the life of the big dog filter below.
3 Configurations: Different pollutants are everywhere: viruses, bacteria, dust, pollen, toxic particulates, toxic vapors, VOCs (read about VOCs), and so on. The combination I use solves all these problems for a painter:
- Zero dust, high toxins? (high VOC paint, spraying anything, etc): use a chemical filter, no need for outer dust filters. This is for most toxins: study the 3M chart linked above if you are not sure it removes your toxins.
- Viruses with no organic toxins, high allergies, and dust? (sawing wood, sanding etc): use dust filters only, save your expensive chemical filters
The best respirator for painting, in general, is this low-cost mask and combination of excellent 3M filters and it’s not going to break your bank. This is also the best respirator for spray painting as well as brushing oils, etc.
Respirator Mask Important Tips
First question: “Full face” or “half mask”? We use the half-mask which means it does not cover your eyes: just your nose and mouth. See all about a full face respirator mask if you want to protect your eyes and if you have allergies, that may be best for you. And if you are around a lot of dust or spray, that is for sure the best respirator mask for you.
The 3M Half-Face is always in my tool bag and comes in 3 sizes: Small: 3M 6100 for smaller women, the Medium: 3M 6200 for many regular folks (the mask 6200, not the filter also called 6200!), and the Large: 3M 6300 (I use large & I’m 6’1″). They are comfortable and well made and the strap system does not slip off (other makers do).
The plastic halter fits any head. The paint respirator mask itself comes without any filters—see the bullet list below about buying the filters.
• Note that 3M has a filter called “6200” and a mask called “6200”. Sad! But what we present all work with all the respirator masks shown on this page (except the disposable).
From 3M: The above 6100 (small), 6200 (med.), or 6300 (large) respirator mask can be used with:
- The absolute best chemical cartridge for many cancer-causing vapors—those nasty VOCs. (3M “Multi-Gas/Vapor” filter, see the 60926 in the chart at the very bottom). This filter has a non-replaceable HEPA paper filter over the cartridge (cannot be removed).
- A decent chemical filter (the 6002 filter, which is not for organics, but ok for bleach, etc). Yes, the filter and mask have the same number.
- To #2 above, you can add-on a life-extending a HEPA paper filter on top (lengthens the main cartridge’s lifespan by keeping it from clogging with dust). With that, you need to buy (only once) the retaining clip to keep the HEPA filter on top of the chemical filter. It’s very easy to change the outer paper as needed. You only need one retaining clip for life.
- Cannot find a retaining clip? (It’s not necessary, but…) just buy the mask that comes with one.
- Or use a stand-alone HEPA paper filter (the 3M “p-100” for pollen, sawdust, sanding paint etc).
My advice: adopt the 3M respirator mask system which can be configured just for what you need. Well worth the modest expense! This is 30+ years of painting experience talking.
If you missed it above:
- Small: 3M 6100 (many women and all children)
- Medium: 3M 6200 (most folks)
- Large: 3M 6300 (I’m 6 feet tall and use the large.)
One more thing about a high-quality respirator mask…
I have given this as a gift to others. It’s perfect for someone you care about who works around toxins. Tough guys normally think they can just breathe anything, but these toxic anythings often cause cancer: a painter or do-it-yourself-er cannot do without a high-quality respirator mask.
No, I’m not employed in any way by 3M !!
I just like that 3M filters snap on the mask in a very well-thought-out system.
You can watch my video at the bottom of this article to see how the system works together.
Key point: use an outer particle filter to greatly lengthen the life of your (more expensive) chemical vapor filter to keep the viruses and dust. More below.
What do I need to buy?
1- You need the mask (see above).
2- You need the right filters for the job (see below)
Different filters for different jobs: we keep on hand all the ones below. We’ll be covered no matter what we are doing, we will not risk our health for any reason!
Buy filters a la carte:
1. THE BEST CHEMICAL CARTRIDGE FOR THE MONEY: 3M’s 60921, which filters VOCs-carcinogenic organics (see chart below) and has the paper “Hepa” filter built-in. (Hepa is aka ‘P100’ better than N95 or P95). You cannot change the Hepa filter that is INSIDE the cartridge and you cannot add an outer paper filter. But this is the single best filter that you can get outside of the military! ( I hereby admit that do cheat and tape a HEPA filter on the outside to extend the lifespan of the cartridge! They need to give us this option! )
2. A GOOD CARTRIDGE FOR LESS NASTY VAPORS The 3M 6002 ( not the mask 6002 !! ) See chart below for what toxins are filtered. (This one CAN be used with dust filter below). Often unavailable.
3a. THE DUST FILTERS (Part 1): the filter itself: 3M’s 5P71 “Hepa” aka “P100” paper filter is excellent for viruses. allergies, and dust. Note that there are many chemicals in many types of sawdust (from composite “wood”) and this will do the trick.
3b. THE DUST FILTER’S Retainer Clip (Part 2) These hold on to the 6001 and 6002 Cartridges, but not the other cartridges. Single (pairs of) clips are sold out right now. This one is also sold out for now. My advice: hold on the ‘3a’ filter onto your cartridge with tape. I’ve done it, it works.
4. DUST FILTERS FOR USE WITHOUT CHEMICAL CARTRIDGE The 3M 2097, which is just for sanding, sawing or pollen, not made for vapors even though it says “Organic Vapor Relief”.
5. BUDGET OPTION: by 3M, a Particulate Respirator UPDATE MARCH 2020: Some sellers of N95 masks have set prices and shipping to gouge us since the Coronavirus hit. Very sad that people do this. This mask is decent, but a bit expensive. I would still go with the half mask and filters above. However, for dusty situations and in crowds, use this N95 mask with an exhaust valve so your breath will not fog up your glasses, (safety or prescription), and if you don’t wear glasses, they are better than the old-fashioned paper mask with no exhaust valve. But they are less effective than the filter/mask combinations mentioned above.
6. UNAVAILABLE FOR NOW… GET THE SYSTEM IN A KIT This has #2, #3and #4 on the above list. This has a good chemical cartridge, the filter also called 6001 for most nasty things (see chart below) and the outer dust filter and clip in one product: easy to get a good system in one place. Each respirator kit contains 1 pair of 6001 cartridges, 1 pair of 501 retainers and 2 pairs of 5P71 filters
When to change filters?
You can tell when they need to be changed by your inhalations: the difference between the old one you are using contrasted with a new one.
Filter for bleach?
If you clean with bleach, I feel that it’s best to get the one that filters everything including bleach as bleach is really quite dangerous. We know a lifeguard that died from years of adding “chlorine” to the pool. Good to have it on hand. Also, you know, the coming Zombie Apocalypse. So, there’s that.
Be sure to keep the chemical cartridges in an air-tight plastic bag as they will absorb toxins 24/7 and slowly degrade if exposed to normal air. I keep my entire mask in a large bag and out of harm’s way so it gets no holes. The filters last for many years!
All right if you insist, but consider our mother earth too…
There is a very good 3M respirator mask (see it here) that comes with a vapor filter and promises 8 hours of heavy vapor filtering or 40 hours of light vapor filtering. But then you throw the whole thing away: seems a shame, but if you really are only going to do one job in your life, well, “you just have one job”.
3M 07193 Dual Cartridge Respirator Assembly
Sold out: see the full face masks here
For one time use. Promises 8 hours of heavy vapor filtering or 40 hours of light vapor filtering. Filters organic vapors (all VOCs) when spraying many types of paint.
The best respirator for allergies, dust, and sensitive eyes: 3M’s Mold Remediation Respirator. If you want to protect from most organic vapors at the same time, go with the excellent full face paint respirator. In our view, this is the best respirator for spray painting.
3M Mold and Particulate, The 7162 Full-Face Mask Respirator
Sold out: see the full face masks here
Protects face as well as lungs. Many people prefer this. Check the price here. You may need to buy multiples if single units are sold out.
For spray painting, oil paints, etc. … (with pre-filters and retaining clips) and you can add any 3M filter you like as shown above. Complete protection. 3M recommends this for spray painting lacquer, enamel, and pesticides. Certainly excellent for virus protection, as long as you have good filters described above.
The information here is true to the best of my knowledge but is not a substitute for a doctor’s advice. If you suffer from allergies or may be exposed to a virus or bacteria, consult your doctor.
I’ve written about the dangers of VOCs and there is a lot on the internet if you need more, but the bottom line is: don’t risk your health breathing modern products: use a good respirator mask.