Painting Tips by a Professional

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Best Floor Paint: Only 1 Coat!

You are in luck. Applying floor paint is the easiest thing we painters do. When you use the best floor paint you will only need one coat in most cases. We only use high-quality floor paint. And painting floors is easy. Don’t thank me, thank gravity.

Here is a list of what we have found to be the best floor paint. Doing a basement floor (or garage)? That is a slightly different animal as in this article on basement floor paint.

Read more on how to paint plywood in particular. Concrete? Read our in-depth article about concrete paint.

First, the best floor paint recommendations and then a complete list all you need to know about how to paint a floor. Fairly easy.

My#1 choice for best floor paint today is Benjamin Moore’s Tough Shield, a very tough coating: Ben Moore’s best floor paint period. The coverage is high and the price is not much higher than the competition: plus it’s better…hello? I recommend this to my customers because it lasts.

Easy work for a painter, and savings for you

I always looked forward to painting a floor: no dropcloths, no ladders, and fast! (Just as long as I had my knee pads).

I won’t make any jokes about getting painted into a corner. I’m not trying to be funny. If I was trying to be funny I’d say did you hear about the beer just for painters? They put the label on the bottom that says: “Open Other End.”

floor ready to paintWe get asked: “Can you paint laminate floors or paint vinyl floors?” Salespeople will tell you yes. We say a big no*. Yes, you can sand, use chemical etching and expensive primers and try to make the best floor paint bond to these materials, but you are really setting yourself for a big mess that’s worse when you must re-do later. This kind of flooring is not made to be painted and the job will not last very long. Just pull up the laminated floor and put in something that you never worry about.

Can you paint ceramic tile? No, but some will say yes, and they will say “buy my stuff”. Don’t do it. Tiles were never made to be painted! Same as the paragraph above!


  • Buy the best floor paint you can afford to prevent future headaches! Floors get abused. Why repaint after only a handful of years? Many photos you will see around the internet are taken right after the floor was painted so of course, it looks great. How about 5 years later? Use the best floor paint—save time and money.
  • Plan on a lot of free time later: floor painting goes very quickly. Other than moving furniture, most house floors take about an hour to actually paintPlan carefully and copy all the steps that relate to your situation from the checklist below.

1. One coat is ok for previously painted floors (with the best floor paint)

Here are 3 good choices (#3 is best)

KILZ Interior/Exterior Enamel Porch & Patio Latex Floor Paint

This floor paint has great reviews.

  • Very reasonable cost
  • Only 2 colors to choose from—a gray and another gray—but we all like gray, right?
  • Low-luster (typical for floors)
  • Not for garage floors, not for concrete
  • Interior/Exterior

Water-based, one gallon covers 200-300 sq. ft. This is less than wall paint because floors have more texture, little peaks and valleys take paint.


Another option is from a very old company: Valspar

    • A very good choice that can be used indoors or out
    • 3 color options, including white which is hard to find in a floor paints (white, light gray and dark gray)
    • Water-based
    • Not for garage floors
    • Fine for concrete, wood, and primed metal

Coverage for a gallon is not specified: we were told in a support email: “400 sq. ft. depending on surface porosity. When 2 coats are needed for new concrete or badly worn areas, thin the first coat w/1 pint water per gallon paint, and apply 2nd coat un-thinned”.


Benjamin Moore’s INSL-X Tough Shield Acrylic Floor/Patio Coating 

    • Made by Benjamin Moore and professionals use a lot of it
    • Not expensive for the quality, and shipping is free, so just sayin’
    • 5 colors, lacking a white
    • Not for garage floors, but ok for concrete, wood, (and metal if you use a metal primer)
    • Interior or exterior, water-based
    • Great coverage per gallon: 350-450 sq. ft.
    • This is Ben Moore’s best floor paint

HonorableMention is Benjamin Moore’s INSL-X Sure Step (comes in 6 colors)

Tested in extreme conditions as are all Ben Moore paints: this is also one of the best floor paint for the money, no doubt.

  • Comes in six colors including white: believe it or not, white is hard to find in a quality floor paint
  • Interior or exterior, and water-based
  • Wood, concrete, or metal floors
  • Anit-slip but you can still add sand (silica) – toss it on the wet floor and roll over it, don’t mix in the solution!
  • It goes on quite thick: it only covers about 100 square feet, but that is a big plus
  • Not for garages

2. Floor paint and prep: “how-to”

First the prep
  1. Think it through. Plan how you will move furniture back and forth in 2 phases of painting if you cannot move it out. You’ll get paint on things, so think about covering nice things with plastic drop cloths. To hold the plastic in place and for edges, use green painter’s tape: the old fashioned tan masking tap leaves a glue mark after a few hours. Have soft old blankets or cloth (even cardboard) standing by (to protect the newly painted floor).
  2. Under your furniture, place old blankets/cloths you will need when you move it to the freshly painted section for phase 2. This will keep the furniture from scratching, or sticking and pulling off the new soft floor paint. You may have to clean in sections, them move, then paint in sections, or be willing to do half to completion, then the rest. Remember that paint takes months to cure to final hardness.
  3. Here you can grab any of the prep tools you don’t yet have. Make a list based on our list. Think scrapers, wire brushes, work light… We have lots of info on easy cleanup on this site. Start with how to clean rollers.
  4. What you see is what you get: the final product how smooth or rough the floor looks when your prep is done. Feather the edges of old paint that won’t scrape off, and sand and clean well any wooden floors to create a paintable surface. This pack of sandpaper has a variety of grits (start with coarse and finish with the medium).
  5. Un-even floor in spots? A floor leveler is easy to use. DAP is trustworthy: Here is a concrete patch and here is a floor leveler other floor types. First, measure the area for what you need and check the details so you don’t buy too little. If your floor leveler calls for a primer, prime it when you do the rest. I know that you probably knew that.
  6. Caulk/fill cracks after cleaning and priming. Large gaps should be filled with a special floor crack injection. A good option caulk tubes of cement caulk. Read all about how to caulk and caulk guns. Crack fillers may need to be primed (check the product you buy), but caulk generally does not need to be primed.
  7. First, clean the area you will do LAST. When you clean anywhere, you will spread dust so only clean one time, in two stages. Clean your holding area first, then move furniture onto that section, then cover it all with plastic/cloth as above, and protect the floor you cleaned from dust. Then clean the other section that you will paint first.
  8. Clean in this order: vacuum then mop, then on your hands and knees use a damp cloth in corners. You want to get 99% because everything you leave on the floor will make it’s way to the paint bucket and get spread around. This will lead to paint chipping in time. This is the hardest part: it gets better.
  9. Concrete floors that were never treated probably do not have to be acid etched first. If the builder trowled it very smooth, then yes, you need to create a ‘profile’ or roughness like the feel of about medium (80 grit) sandpaper. Acid washing does this. My advisor at one big paint company prefers floor sanding to acid, but both create the surface you can paint. Muriatic acid is the lowest cost way to do this and if you are comfortable with using a mild acid, go ahead. We prefer Rust-Oleum eco-friendly concrete etcher which is not harmful to plants or healthy skin. Rinse either solution 3 times and suck up with your wet/dry Shop-Vac or towels. If you have a drain, and it works, that’s best. Work the etching solution with a brush or a broom. If you decide on real acid, please always add acid to water—never add the water to the acid which prevents any acid splashes. Heat is generated and can propel it out at you. (Wear full protective gear for eyes, skin, etc). Rinse 2-3 times and let dry fully. See California warning on muriatic acid below*.
  10. If needed after it’s dry, use concrete crack filler discussed above.
  11. Primers: Some concrete floors are very alkaline (especially new ones). Special masonry primers allow you to use any floor paint because by creating a bond to the alkaline concrete, where the paint will not. (Remember, always wait at least a month for new concrete to cure). Ultra-spec is the contractor line of paint from Benjamin Moore, and this masonry sealer is intended for garage and concrete floor priming. You can our detailed article about concrete floor paint and planning.
How to paint the floor: Karate Kid wax on

Ready? Go. Wait. Safety first.  Wear a respirator if you will be using any toxic materials. Here I explain how to keep it simple.

      1. Any of the paints listed above are a good choice: we always say get the best you can afford as it really saves money in the long run. These will usually only need one coat, but read your paint’s label. Now, to paint a floor is the easy part…
      2. Cut the edges. Go all around the edges first. A quality brush will find the corners at least as good as taping, but some people do prefer the tape. For walls and ceilings, we tell people to ALWAYS roll before you brush (cut), but when painting a floor, you cannot do that. Work this fact into your exit plan. Doing epoxy or oil-based? Use a good brush, but not so expensive that you’ll hate tossing it, which you will. Another decent choice is the Wooster 4-inch. Don’t go with the dollar store thing. The bristles fall into your paint and you won’t like picking them out. Same for the roller cover below: did you ever see lint in the paint on the wall? No thanks. Get one for life by spending a few dollars more, Clint. Here is the easy & quick way to clean a quality brush.
      3. Roll. I once wrote: “roller pans are for rookies, so use a bucket”. But for floor painting, we don’t even use a bucket! We just pour a cup or two of paint on the floor in a puddle! We use an adjustable pole which saves your back work. This pole works with broom screw rollers and quick-lock. The roller cover you use is important: budget roller covers shed lint and will totally ruin your work. This shows how trying to save money is very expensive! Most floor paints call for a 3/8-inch roller nap, but do check your paint’s label. When brushing and rolling, don’t leave puddles, but do coat it liberally. Cleaning roller covers is easy.
      4. Start painting far from your exit point and leave a path to it.
      5. The next day most paints will be dry enough to walk on, but soft so you’ll want to wear socks as you walk. Make sure it is dry as you don’t want to stick to it and pull it up.
      6. Need 2 coats? Use a work light to see the coverage, but that depends on your color and if you used low-cost paint (which leaves a thinner film: fewer solids in the solution). The cut may not need 2 just because the roller applies less volume than the brush. The paint can instructions tell you how long to wait between coats but don’t wait too long or you will not have good bonding between coats! Check the can’s label for minimum and maximum re-coating times, if needed. Don’t clean the brush/roller yet: wait for touch-ups if needed. Warp in plastic.
      7. Is the newly painted floor totally dry? Be sure. Use your fingernail to test if it is soft. Can you mark it? If yes, wait and wait. What, do you have some hot date? Hey, that rhymed, Simon.
After each section is painted
        1. Lay your blankets out and put your furniture etc., on that and if you think you need to, cover it (same plastic, same tape). Lay your furniture on the big flat sides, not the legs—the intense weight on the legs might cause sticking.
        2. As the floor drys, check that not objects are sticking. Gently move things frequently and see and if you pull up any paint: if so, touch up right away.
        3. If you are doing your floor painting project in stages, now simply repeat the steps of cutting, rolling the unpainted sections. Your newly painted floor will be soft for weeks in the summer or months in winter: treat it gently!
Clear coating option:

Generally, painters don’t recommend clear coating because the next time you need to paint you have a bigger problem. With clear coating over paint, you are creating layers of different products: we think long term. We hate scraping. Many painters disagree. They say it gives longer life. Correct. But eventually, the floor will need a re-do. It’s going to be easier to stick with one product for life.

However, these are very useful for covering the color flakes if you use them.

But if you like, before the re-coat window is passed, seal it with a quality clear top-coat—like this high gloss urethane.  Of the urethanes out there, this is one of the best, and the price is reasonable for this type of product. Water-based and stands up to brake fluid, gas, etc. Sounds good to us. The idea is to add years of life before you have to paint again.

*WARNING: Muriatic acid can expose you to a chemical that is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more information go to

16 thoughts on “Best Floor Paint: Only 1 Coat!”

  1. Hi Brad-
    Thank you so much for this info. I’m wondering if there is any paint out there that you’d recommend for wood floors where there is a greater color selection?

    • That’s a problem with floor paint, they don’t make many because most folks just want the same old thing.
      Go to a paint store and tell them what you want and ask if they can alter from, for example white to yellow or whatever you want.
      Probably not because too much pigment changes the protection and toughness of a paint.
      Sorry I can’t be of more help.

  2. We built a new house and the wood floor stair steps look horrible. We are thinking about painting them white and using Sure Step. Do the wood steps need a sanding first? A primer? I am desperate.

    • Hi. When you say wood floor, can I assume they have never been treated? That seems unlikely. YOu must mean varnished wood?
      In either case, being a painter I’ll tell you the inside story: don’t paint it!
      Paint needs re-coating in years to come. But if you want really, yes, sand it down to the wood and clean it very well, then use the best primer and floor paint you can afford. If you cannot remove some of whatever is on it now, paint, varnish, whatever… sand what you cannot remove very, very well with about 120 grit. The scratches provide ‘bite’, bonding.
      What I would do? Glad you asked.
      I’d strip any varnish off, and re-varnish, urethane whatever you want to call it. Some clear goop for floors. Wood is so beautiful… shame to paint it! Depends on the wood of course!
      Good luck.

  3. Hi. I saw your comments about never painting vinyl but I am looking for a quick and easy finish for an art room floor. I removed the carpet and underneath I found 8×8 glue down tiles.
    They have some paint and polyurethane stains that I am going to try to sand off. I then wanted to apply wall decals of paint droplets all over the floor or make my own paint splatters and polyurethane over either option. It is for a day care art room floor and I want it to look creative. Do you think it would last for a year or two?

    • It will last except where you walk on it a lot. If you put a clear coat of some sort over that…well nah. Second though… it won’t stick.
      Just be prepared to fix it up when it gets bad.

  4. Hey Brad,
    Great article…painting a new 12×10 shed floor. *yes, my wife and daughter claimed my new shed. Should I prime or just go for it and count on 2 coats since I have to buy a whole gallon anyways? Leaning towards your favorite.

  5. New (interior) pine v groove floor on exterior porches (not my choice!), and treated with Wood Classic wood preservative. There are some deeper knots and cracks I’d like to fill before painting. Is there a product you recommend for filling those? I’ll use the BIN shellac base primer to spot prime as you rec. What do you recommend for the whole floor as a primer since it’s “new” wood? Do I need to sand it if its not been painted or stained before? Since it is a high traffic area with steps, do you rec the Insl-X Tough Shield or Sure Step? It does get wet and we have snow and ice all Winter. The old flooring paint was sometimes scraped due to shoveling so it needs to be tough and slip resistant.

    • First, use BIN on all of it. You cannot be sure of the bonding in this case and you need the best. Pay the man.
      Yes sand off the rough bits and open all the grain for the primer. Just scratch it is enough.
      I like Sure Step… I’d add the silica. Read above how to do it. I just did some last week!
      Just be resolved to touch up every spring or every other spring. It’s what we do.
      Did I cover it all? Good luck!

      • Follow-up:
        ) I bought exterior filler for the deeper knots so they aren’t always full of dirt. Should I prime with BIN first or fill first?
        2) And to clarify, you suggest I use SureStep on the whole porch rather than ToughShield? Its a flat finish, so will it be hard to clean? I tried to find a comparison between the 2 products, unsuccessfully. Other than the different sheen, SureStep must be thicker (like Behr antislip porch paint?) because the sq foot coverage is much lower than ToughShield?
        3) So SureStep does not have something like silica already in it? (The Behr porch product does, very rough finish) Sprinkle silica and then roll over? Or mix into paint?

        • No need to prime before filling, only after.
          You should use the paint you feel best about. Yes SureStep can fill cracks. It’s best for outside, but it’s up to you.
          Yes S.Step does, but I’d still add silica to be safe esp on stairs. Read above how to broadcast. I wrote that you do not mix with paint.

      • “B-I-N Shellac-Base Primer is not recommended for whole surface exterior application or for application to floors, decks, or any surface subject to immersion or prolonged contact with water. ”

        I saw this under the “Limitations” heading on the back of the can, 5 minutes AFTER I completed priming my shed’s floor with it. 🤦🏼‍♂️

        • Well I immediately think of 2 things. First, they have to say things to protect themselves. Almost no paint should be always wet, except swimming pool paint etc. If your floor is always wet, yes it could be a problem. If so, you’ll need to strip it some year, but live with it for now. I doubt it’s a problem if it dries out. It’s for exteriors after all. So no need to worry, but of course I cannot see the situation. Best of luck,


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